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By Jeanne Fahnestock
While it was once first released in 1982, A Rhetoric of Argument constructed a ground-breaking new method of instructing argument. The stasis technique pioneered through Fahnestock and Secor exotic one of the 4 uncomplicated questions that arguments are written to answer:
What is it? (Definition arguments) How did it get that manner? (Causal arguments) Is it solid or undesirable? (Evaluation arguments) What may still we do approximately it? (Proposal arguments)
These 4 questions, now commonplace in lots of argument texts, supply scholars a positive, attractive technique to learn readings via different writers and to build their very own arguments.
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Extra info for A rhetoric of argument
THE BASIC TACTIC: SUPPORT BY EXANIPLES An arguable claim about the nature of things can often be thought of as a generalization that summarizes a collection of particular instances. Thus you can support such a claim by bringing one or more of those particulars to your reader's attention. " Your subject is identified by his relation to you, and slob has a widely understood meaning. You can go right to examples. 1. There's a half-eaten Big Mac in his desk drawer. 2. A pile of unsorted socks has been sitting on the foot of his bed for three weeks.
Eastern European countries funnel high technology to the Soviet Union. 3. Menus often lie about the meals they describe. 4. 5. Right now, the United States has the technology to build space colonies. Bigfoot doesn't exist. 34 1 WHAT IS IT? THE BASIC TACTIC: SUPPORT BY EXANIPLES An arguable claim about the nature of things can often be thought of as a generalization that summarizes a collection of particular instances. Thus you can support such a claim by bringing one or more of those particulars to your reader's attention.
This system of classifying theses gives you the best outline for learning argument, not just because the number four is easier to comprehend than infinity, but because the nature of the thesis determines much of the content of an argument. The kind of support varies according to the thesis, though, once again, the degree varies according to audience. This book will constantly remind you to consider audience, but it teaches argument by concentrating on thesis and support. EXERCISE Here are some apparently personal statements of conviction and the reasons behind them.
A rhetoric of argument by Jeanne Fahnestock