Pietro Speroni di Fenizio, Peter Dittrich (auth.), Fernando's Advances in Artificial Life: 9th European Conference, ECAL PDF
By Pietro Speroni di Fenizio, Peter Dittrich (auth.), Fernando Almeida e Costa, Luis Mateus Rocha, Ernesto Costa, Inman Harvey, António Coutinho (eds.)
This publication constitutes the refereed lawsuits of the ninth ecu convention on man made lifestyles, ECAL 2007, held in Lisbon, Portugal, September 2007.
The a hundred twenty five revised complete papers provided have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen. The papers are geared up in topical sections on conceptual articles, morphogenesis and improvement, robotics and self sustaining brokers, evolutionary computation and conception, mobile automata, versions of organic structures and their purposes, ant colony and swarm platforms, evolution of communique, simulation of social interactions, self-replication, man made chemistry, and posters.
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Additional info for Advances in Artificial Life: 9th European Conference, ECAL 2007, Lisbon, Portugal, September 10-14, 2007. Proceedings
Actually, the cell membrane can exchange continuously lipid and hydrophobic molecules with the internal and the external aqueous environments, with the result of varying its surface area (Sµ), as given by: Membrane 1 Species Sµ = ∑ α i niµ 2 i where (3) αi are the hydrophilic head areas of all the surface active molecules located on the membrane and the factor 1/2 reflects the bilayer structure. Even if the initial shape of a cell will be considered spherical (for the sake of standardizing initial conditions), our model does not assume that cells must stay spherical all the time, or that they divide when they double their initial size (as it is usually done).
We are particularly interested in the study of ‘lipid-peptide’ protocells because, as prebiotically plausible supramolecular structures,1 they could constitute the first or most elementary examples of functionalized vesicles, in the sense that the structural (and global) role of the lipid aggregate be complemented by the (more local) action of peptide chains spanning the bilayer and making possible primitive channels/pores for different compounds. For instance, polyalanine and polyleucine embedded in lipid bilayers have already been shown to induce proton-conducting pathways .
This may cause the division or merger of membranes. 3. Go to Step 2. 18 4 K. Tominaga, T. Watanabe, and M. Suzuki Application: Clathrin-Coated Vesicular Transport To evaluate the compatibility of the extended formalism with membrane dynamics in living systems, we applied it to model the clathrin-coated vesicular transport [4, pp712–724], which has been studied well in molecular biology. Its conceptual diagram is illustrated in Fig. 6 (the transport from the Golgi body to an endosome is assumed).
Advances in Artificial Life: 9th European Conference, ECAL 2007, Lisbon, Portugal, September 10-14, 2007. Proceedings by Pietro Speroni di Fenizio, Peter Dittrich (auth.), Fernando Almeida e Costa, Luis Mateus Rocha, Ernesto Costa, Inman Harvey, António Coutinho (eds.)